Basic Facts

Population

Estimated population of Jammu & Kashmir across all three areas is over 18 million

Language

Urdu (Official), Kashmiri, other regional languages, English also widely spoken

Religion

80% Muslim, 16% Hindu, 3% Sikh, 1% Buddhist, Christian, other

Capitals

Srinagar (Indian-occupied Kashmir), Muzaffarabad (Azad Kashmir)

Presence Of  Indian Army

Around 800,000 armed forces, including regular army and paramilitary

Controversial Laws / Draconian Measures

  • Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA) – providing the armed forces complete impunity for crimes that they commit;
  • Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act (PSA) – empowering the law enforcement agencies to detain and imprison anyone without charge or trial;
  • National Security Act;
  • Prevention and Suppression of Sabotages Act

Geography

Located between the borders of Pakistan, India and China.  With an area of 87,000 sq. miles, Kashmir is three times the size of Belgium, Netherlands and Luxemburg combined, and larger than 103 sovereign states.  The population is estimated at approximately 18 million across all the divisions of Kashmir (based on the most recent census of India in 2011, and of Azad Kashmir in 2017)

The total area of Jammu & Kashmir is currently under three different controls

  • 51% Indian-occupied
  • 38% Pakistani-administered self-governing, aka Azad Kashmir
  • 11% Chinese-administered Aksai Chin

The Indian Occupied Jammu & Kashmir is divided in three divisions namely, Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh.  Where as Azad Kashmir has always remained as single region with many districts.

INDIAN OCCUPIED JAMMU DIVISION

INDIAN OCCUPIED KASHMIR DIVISION

INDIAN OCCUPIED LADAKH REGION

AZAD (INDEPENDENT) KASHMIR

Name of District
Estimated Area (km²)
Name of District
Estimated Area (km²)
Name of District
Estimated Area (km²)
Name of District
Estimated Area (km²)
Doda District 2,306 Anantnag District 3,984 Kargil District 14,036 Muzaffarabad 2,496
Jammu District 3,097 Bandipora District 398 Leh District 45,110 Hattian Bala 854
Kathua District 2,651 Baramulla district 4,588 Total 59,146 Neelam Valley 3,621
Kishtwar District 7,737 Budgam District 1,371 Mirpur 1,010
Poonch District 1,674 Ganderbal District 259 Bhimber 1,516
Rajouri District 2,630 Kulgam District 1,067 Kotli 1,862
Ramban District 1,329 Kupwara District 2,379 Poonch 855
Reasi District 1,719 Pulwama District 1,398 Bagh 770
Samba District 904 Shopian District 612.87 Haveli 598
Udhampur District 4,550 Srinagar District 294 Sudhnati 569
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